Substantial resource potential exists to sustainably expand supplies of liquid biofuels in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper focuses on the potential in Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda. Volumes of biofuel feedstock can be expanded through more systematic collection of agricultural residues, as well as through planting of sugarcane, other grasses and trees on land made available through more intensive cultivation of croplands and reduced waste and losses in the food chain. With a mix of conventional technologies using sugar- or starch-based feed stocks and advanced processes liquid biofuels could displace most petroleum-based transport fuel in the five countries considered as a group.
The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organisation that supports countries in their transition to create a sustainable energy future. This report on biofuel potential in Sub-Saharan Africa was prepared by Jeffrey Skeer, Rodrigo Leme and Yasuko Inoue, and draws upon analysis by Shunichi Nakada.